The first pillar of the Rwanda vision 2020 is good governance and a capable state with focus on people’s empowerment and participation through the decentralization process. Governance is also one of the flagships of EDPRS.II “increasing the autonomy of local governments, while ensuring that local authorities are accountable and responsive to the citizens”.

The Government of Rwanda programme 2010-17 makes it imperative to continue strengthening of people’s empowerment and making a “Mudugudu” a solid level of service delivery.

Core Functions of the Department

• Identify, coordinate, harmonize and support all stakeholders contributing to Decentralization implementation, especially Local Governments, and the specialized units for implementation of decentralization in line Ministries, Private Sector actors, Civil Society organizations and Development Partners.

• Liaise with and support Government institutions to fully integrate decentralization principles in their areas of responsibility.

• Actively support Local Governments in Decentralization implementation by, among others, liaising with them through the JADF and by ensuring that adequate resources are mobilized for them.

• Facilitate effective engagement of the Civil Society and the Private Sector in DIP implementation through, among others, information sharing, promoting transparency in decision-making processes and reinforcing their capacities.

• Ensure that the management and funding arrangements defined in the Decentralization Implementation Plan are established and operational.

• Promote good governance principles, in political, public, corporate and non-governmental domains ;

• To develop appropriate mechanisms to increase civic participation in policy formulation and to attain observance of accountability ;

• To participate in initiating and implementing strategies in the field of good governance and to advise the government accordingly ;

1. RGB conducted a study on Sectoral Decentralization aimed at making a comprehensive analysis of current situation of sectoral decentralization in Rwanda, basing on assessments and evaluations made for the previous phases already gone through, identified and analyzed existing gaps, and formulated guidance for effective implementation of the decentralization process.

2. Conducted a study on the functioning of District Councils covering the period between 2006 and 2010 that resulted into the formulation of the current District Council Capacity Building Plan.

3. The training of 180 District Councilors in “Leadership and participatory planning and budgeting” was conducted although the target is to train 843 in 3 years ending in 2015.

4. The pilot phase of the coaching program in Public Finance management and planning was implemented in 10 Districts and resulted into the extension of the program to all district for the next 2 years.

5. Training of Governors, District Executive Committee, Executive Secretaries and Directors of planning in “Leadership and result-based planning” was conducted.

6. The concept of Public Finance Management (PFM) peer review mechanism was initiated in all Provinces to strengthen the capacity of internal auditors and enabled sharing of the best practices in all districts aimed at achieving clean audit reports ;

7. The Joint Action Development Forum (JADF) five-year strategic plan was put in place ;

8. Two JADF annual review meetings which highlighted achievements ; lessons leant were conducted and gave orientation for the future.

9. The first phase which operationalized JADF activities in all districts was completed and the project’s second phase emphasizing on LocalEconomic Development (LED)through greater engagement of the private sector is ongoing ;

10. Conducted Mobile School of Governance in 18 districts in a bid to foster while promoting good governance principles in LGs though discussing social, economic and political governance issues ;

11. Organized and conducted two Governance Month sessions aimed at enhancing accountability by local leaders and engaging citizens through governance clinics in which they participate in solving governance issues ;

12. Supported students leaders’ forums to initiate and strengthen good governance clubs in secondary schools and universities to enhance youth empowerment and their contribution to governance through debates & discussions ;

13. Organized two high-level policy dialogues on Governance which came up with resolutions to improve governance in Local Governments ;

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